Outbreaks of Ebola virus outbreak classified as the largest outbreak ever in the world. In 2014, the disease mainly affected countries around the region of West Africa. Experts estimate that the ebola first infected humans after contact with fruit bats and primates which were infected. What happened next was person to person infection and widespread outbreak.
Ebola is transmitted through contact with
- The body fluids of patients who are already infected (blood, urine, saliva, etc.).
- The objects that have been contaminated with the virus (needles.)
- Animals that have been infected (especially apes and fruit bats)
So far there has been no report that the Ebola spread through food, mosquitoes, water and air.
Actually there are five variants of the Ebola virus, although the we can't always easily distinguish symptoms of ebola of every this type: the type of Zaire (EBOV), Bundibugyo (BDBV), Sudan (SUDV), Tai Forest (TAFV), and Reston (RESTV). It is worth to note that RESTV is not pathogenic to humans.
So, what characteristics and symptoms of a person infected with the Ebola virus?
- Body fever
- Suffering from severe headache
- Muscle pain
- Feeling tired and weakened
- Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
- Abdominal pain
- Bleeding and bruised skin (hemorrhage)
At average, these symptoms occur within 8 to 10 days after exposure to Ebola.
Healing ebola will depend on the person’s immune system and also appropriate medical care. If someone managed to recover from Ebola infection, then he would have some sort of natural immunity (antibodies) that applies for a long time, at least 10 years.
As specific rule for medical personnel, it is recommended for them to use special equipment and clothing to avoid contracting the virus. Their equipment should be sterilized first every time they will be reused. Without adequate sterilization, the outbreak will be more widespread and worsened! The best practice is that they use disposable equipment, such as disposable gloves and syringes.
We need to be careful and keep alert in the face of this plague. But we do not need to panic and overworried about it. When someone has a fever, we should not concluded that he/she has Ebola fever. The wisest step is to consult a medical diagnosis and treatment immediately. Hope by this short article, we know in glimpse the symptoms of ebola and keep an eye of it.